Background Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs in 42%–64% of the neonatal patients experiencing cardiac surgery, contributing to postoperative morbidity and mortality. Current diagnostic criteria, which are mainly based on serum creatinine and hourly urine output, are not sufficiently sensitive and
Aspiration and evaluation of gastric residuals are commonly performed interventions before each feeding in intensive care units, especially in very low birthweight infants. However, there is no sufficient evidence about the necessity of routine gastric residual aspiration. In this study,
Objective Previous outcome reports of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) have described neuroimaging anomalies and neurodevelopmental impairment. However, the link between imaging and outcome has not been described. We aimed to determine whether routine postoperative neonatal neuroimaging in infants with CDH
Background This study aimed to validate and modify the recently released Chiang Mai University Intussusception (CMUI) scoring system in predicting failure of non-surgical management of infantile intussusception. Methods A retrospective review was conducted in 151 cases of infantile intussusception who
Purpose An early diagnosis of ovarian torsion is sometimes difficult due to variable clinical symptoms and non-specific imaging findings. We retrospectively reviewed patients with pediatric ovarian masses manifesting torsion. Methods Fifty-eight ovarian masses (55 episodes) in 49 non-neonatal patients treated
Objective Patella fractures in children are rare, with an incidence of less than 1% of all pediatric fractures. Literature describes different surgical techniques and outcomes, but there is not a specified superior technique for children. The aim of this study
Background This study evaluates the validity of Alvarado Score in predicting disease severity and the development of postoperative complications in pediatric appendicitis. Methods This is a retrospective, bicentered study on pediatric patients with emergency appendicectomy performed from 2006 to 2016.