Bipolar Disorder

Mood fluctuations are common during normal daily life as a result of either stressful or pleasant events. However, severe and persistent mood swings that result in psychological distress and behavioral impairment may be symptomatic of an underlying affective disorder. Affective

Central Lateral Thalamic Nucleus Stimulation Awakens Cortex via Modulation of Cross-Regional, Laminar-Specific Activity during General Anesthesia

Experiments identify cortical layer specific effects during induced arousal from general anesthesia. In this issue of Neuron, Redinbaugh et al. (2020) find evidence that central lateral thalamic nucleus electrical stimulation reactivates the cortex by restoring deep-layer firing rates and modulating feedforward

Baroreflex Dysfunction

The autonomic nervous system innervates all body organs, including the cardiovascular system. Smooth muscle in arteries, arterioles, and veins and pericytes in capillaries receive autonomic innervation, which modulates vascular smooth-muscle tone and vessel diameter. Afferent sensory neurons with…


Schizophrenia is a psychiatric syndrome characterized by psychotic symptoms of hallucinations, delusions, and disorganized speech, by negative symptoms such as decreased motivation and diminished expressiveness, and by cognitive deficits involving impaired executive functions, memory, and speed of…


Neurosyphilis, the clinical result of infection of the nervous system by Treponema pallidum, preoccupied the fields of neurology and psychiatry for two centuries. The disease was ubiquitous, and practitioners recognized it from the slightest clinical manifestations. There has been a

Safety and efficacy of Edaravone Dexborneol versus edaravone for patients with acute ischaemic stroke: a phase II, multicentre, randomised, double-blind, multiple-dose, active-controlled clinical trial

Background Edaravone Dexborneol is a novel neuroprotective agent that comprised edaravone and (+)-borneol, a food additive with an anti-inflammatory effect in animal ischaemic stroke models. This study aims to assess the safety and efficacy of Edaravone Dexborneol compared with edaravone

Defining chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy subtypes

An electrophysiological and biopsy study of 106 patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy identifies differences between disease subtypes Chronic inflammatory neuropathies include multifocal motor neuropathy, which is purely motor and often associated with complement-fixing antibodies to ganglioside GM1, paraproteinaemic demyelinating

Enhanced mGlu5 Signaling in Excitatory Neurons Promotes Rapid Antidepressant Effects via AMPA Receptor Activation

Conventional antidepressants have limited efficacy and many side effects, highlighting the need for fast-acting and specific medications. Holz et al. utilize cell-membrane-permeable TAT-fused peptides, which specifically modulate glutamatergic neurotransmission, as a novel strategy for rapid and effective antidepressant treatment.

Cortical Neurogenesis Requires Bcl6-Mediated Transcriptional Repression of Multiple Self-Renewal-Promoting Extrinsic Pathways

Bonnefont et al. show that Bcl6 promotes neurogenesis by directly repressing genes belonging to the major signaling pathways promoting cortical progenitor self-renewal. These data indicate that a single cell-intrinsic factor represses multiple extrinsic signaling pathways to ensure irreversible neurogenic commitment.

Weak and Winded

Foreword. In this Journal feature, information about a real patient is presented in stages (boldface type) to an expert clinician, who responds to the information by sharing relevant background and reasoning with the reader (regular type). The authors’ commentary follows.

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